Development of an Oxygen Concentrator (Generator) for use in a waste oil burner (gasification process)

  • Edwin K. Lagat Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology

Abstract

Environmental pollution by industrial combustion and heating processes is a major concern and problem faced by humanity. For future generations, there is an urgent need to conserve our environment to curb carbon dioxide emissions and reduce other harmful pollutants generated during combustion of fossil fuels. This calls for proactive approaches in dealing with combustion of fossil fuels and pollution control as opposed to reactive approaches. A lot of research is ongoing to avert pollution due to combustion of fossil fuels. A major breakthrough has been combustion in a stream of pure oxygen as opposed to use of air in combustion. One of the key benefits in the elimination of nitrogen from air in combustion is reduction of NOx level produced,  and higher flame temperatures can be attained thus extracting as much energy content from the fuel. Existing oxygen generation systems have weaknesses and  challenges in that it is expensive and mostly not available on site.This research involves development of an onsite oxygen generator for use in oxy-fuel and gasification process with capability to produce oxygen with purity of 95 percent. The method to use is adsorption sieve technology to generate oxygen from air at ambient temperature.It is expected that the  designed oxygen generator will be tested to see the effect of its geometry, and test the influence of flow parameters on its performance. This will go  a long way in environmental conservation and ensure that fossil fuels re a clean source of fuel for use in power generation and industry.
Keywords - Combustion, oxygen generator, pollution.
Published
Sep 25, 2017
How to Cite
LAGAT, Edwin K.. Development of an Oxygen Concentrator (Generator) for use in a waste oil burner (gasification process). Proceedings of Sustainable Research and Innovation Conference, [S.l.], p. 46-49, sep. 2017. ISSN 2079-6226. Available at: <http://sri.jkuat.ac.ke/ojs/index.php/proceedings/article/view/574>. Date accessed: 24 feb. 2018.