Comparison between Power Line Carrier Communication Based Metering, GSM Based Metering & Keypad-Operated Pre-paid Metering in Kenya

  • I. W. Maranga Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology
  • Stanley I. Kamau Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology
  • Peter M Musyimi Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology

Abstract

Real time energy monitoring by power utilities is an important energy management practice that is becoming a norm in developing countries. The importance is highlighted by the challenges that follow with improper or no energy monitoring. Examples are revenue losses incurred by utility companies due to vandalism, energy wastage and high electricity bills incurred by electricity consumers. Due to these reasons, utility companies and electricity consumers are employing various energy monitoring techniques. Kenya Power, a power distribution company in Kenya, is currently installing Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM) based smart meters as a pilot program with the aim of energy monitoring. They have also installed Keypad Operated Pre-paid meters to reduce the losses they incur due to vandalism.In this paper, a low voltage Power Line Communication (PLC) metering system is proposed. Its efficacy as a viable energy monitoring platform is compared to both the Keypad Operated Pre-paid and Global System for Mobile metering systems employed by Kenya Power. In particular, gaps in the established systems are highlighted and their impact presented. This is done through a cost analysis, efficiency analysis and reliability analysis comparison of the three metering techniques. The proposed system is then observed to address these gaps in a significant manner.
Keywords - Energy Metering, Energy Monitoring, Global Service for Mobile Communication (GSM), Keypad Operated Pre-paid metering (KOP), Low Voltage (LV), Power Line Communication (PLC).
Published
Sep 25, 2017
How to Cite
MARANGA, I. W.; KAMAU, Stanley I.; MUSYIMI, Peter M. Comparison between Power Line Carrier Communication Based Metering, GSM Based Metering & Keypad-Operated Pre-paid Metering in Kenya. Proceedings of Sustainable Research and Innovation Conference, [S.l.], p. 58-62, sep. 2017. ISSN 2079-6226. Available at: <http://sri.jkuat.ac.ke/ojs/index.php/proceedings/article/view/576>. Date accessed: 24 may 2018.