Mitigating Against Conflicts in the Kenyan Mining Cycle: Identification of Gaps in the Participation and Recourse for Rights Holders (Civil Society & Community)

  • Seroni Anyona Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology
  • Bernard Rop Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology

Abstract

One  of the major obstacles to sustainable development of the mining sector in Africa is conflicts. These conflicts emanate from various sources. However one of the key sources of misunderstanding is lack of communication between the rights holders (community)  and duty bearers (government and corporate) and this breakdown of communication is due to poor or nonexistent mechanisms of involvement of affected communities in decision making and ignorance. This study sought to examine the Kenyan Mining cycle and identify procedural and systemic gaps that if not addressed could trigger conflict in the emerging mining sector and suggest ways of mitigating them. Key among the greatest barriers to communal participation is ignorance regarding mining activities and also the language of instruction. Most rural people are uneducated and yet a large number of communications and notices are in English. Poor management of expectations is also a critical source of misunderstanding and leading to conflict. Poor communal organizati on and lack of some sort of recognized authority gives room for disorder and hence poor channels of communication.
Keywords:  New Mining Act, Mining Cadaster,  human rights, rights holders, duty bearers, community participation, mining lincence, prospecting licence,  licence requirements, mining cycle
Published
Sep 26, 2017
How to Cite
ANYONA, Seroni; ROP, Bernard. Mitigating Against Conflicts in the Kenyan Mining Cycle: Identification of Gaps in the Participation and Recourse for Rights Holders (Civil Society & Community). Proceedings of Sustainable Research and Innovation Conference, [S.l.], p. 173-184, sep. 2017. ISSN 2079-6226. Available at: <http://sri.jkuat.ac.ke/ojs/index.php/proceedings/article/view/595>. Date accessed: 21 oct. 2018.