Development and Analysis of a Gas Turbine to Run on Syngas from a Mui-Basin Coal Gasifier Using CFD: A Review

  • Agatha Mbeni Muinde Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology
  • Hiram Ndiritu Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology
  • Benson Gathitu Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology

Abstract

The global energy demand has been increasing over the years and is still expected to increase by 25% from 2014 to 2040. The rise is demand is being accelerated by economic growth and industrialization of developing countries in Africa and also due to the projected global population growth from 7.2 billion in 2014 to 9 billion in 2040. Fossil fuels have been the major source of global energy, by the end of the 20th century they accounted for 85% of the total energy consumed. Combustion of the fossil fuels to produce energy leads to the production of greenhouse gases. Hence there is a need for clean, cheap and reliable source of energy to meet the rise in demand. Coal is a cheap yet dirty source of energy and it is being used to generate 41.5% of the world electricity and to meet 26.5% of global primary energy needs. Technologies have been developed to reduce emissions from coal power plants such as flue gas clean up technologies, clean coal technologies, and the use of alternative fuel like natural gas. Clean coal technologies include; pressurized fluidized bed combustion, carbon capture and storage and Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC). This review paper deals with the ways being used to increase the performance and efficiency of a syngas turbine for power generation. Increasing the thermal efficiency is one of the ways of increasing the gas turbine performance while loss reduction is also essential.
Keywords—Efficiency, Gas turbine, Syngas, TTT
Published
Sep 26, 2017
How to Cite
MUINDE, Agatha Mbeni; NDIRITU, Hiram; GATHITU, Benson. Development and Analysis of a Gas Turbine to Run on Syngas from a Mui-Basin Coal Gasifier Using CFD: A Review. Proceedings of Sustainable Research and Innovation Conference, [S.l.], p. 7-12, sep. 2017. ISSN 2079-6226. Available at: <http://sri.jkuat.ac.ke/ojs/index.php/proceedings/article/view/598>. Date accessed: 21 oct. 2018.