Enhancement of Simple Sugar Production: Pretreatment of Gadam Sorghum Stalks using Imidazolium, Pyridinium and Phosphonium Based Ionic Liquids

  • Florence Ajiambo Moi University
  • Saul S. Namango Moi University
  • Charles N. Nzila Moi University

Abstract

Production of bioethanol from the abundant and inexpensive sources of lignocellulosic biomass requires that the latter undergo pretreatment processes. A new pretreatment method by use of Ionic Liquids has shown to be promising. This research work analyzed pretreatment of Gadam Sorghum stalks using 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride ([BMIM]Cl),1-butyl-4- methyl-pyridinium chloride ([4MBP]Cl) and trihexyltetradecyl- phosphonium chloride ([P66614]Cl). Regeneration of cellulose from the Ionic Liquids was carried out and the performance of the Ionic Liquids established through analysis of glucose concentrations upon hydrolysis. Pretreatment of Gadam Sorghum was carried out at varied temperatures (80°C–140°C) , pretreatment periods (40min–160min) and a biomass loading of 6%wt. Simple acid hydrolysis was then performed at a temperature of 130°C for a duration of 10 minutes. Finally glucose measurement was done using a Shimadzu UV–Vis Spectrophotometer at a wavelength of 520nm. Pretreatment of the biomass with the ionic liquids resulted in an increase in glucose yield of 1.43 times with phosphonium IL , 8.83 times with imidazolium IL and 22.13 times with pyridinium IL as compared to the unpretreated biomass. Ionic liquid pretreatment is therefore an effective, and viable process that can be applied towards unlocking lignocelluloses recalcitrance. However [BMIM]Cl and [4MBP]Cl showed better performance generally as compared to P66614]Cl with respect to maximum glucose yield obtained with each of the ILs (3.93% in the P66614]Cl pretreated case, 24.01% in the [BMIM]Cl pretreated case and 60.42% in the [4MBP]Cl pretreated case. A substantial amount of glucose is yielded from Gadam Sorghum hence qualifying it as a potential substitute for the food based biomass in bioethanol production as an alternative fuel oils such as canola and soybean
Keywords: Gadam Sorghum, Ionic Liquids, Lignocellulosic Biomass, Pretreatment
Published
Nov 7, 2017
How to Cite
AJIAMBO, Florence; NAMANGO, Saul S.; NZILA, Charles N.. Enhancement of Simple Sugar Production: Pretreatment of Gadam Sorghum Stalks using Imidazolium, Pyridinium and Phosphonium Based Ionic Liquids. Proceedings of Sustainable Research and Innovation Conference, [S.l.], p. 207-211, nov. 2017. ISSN 2079-6226. Available at: <http://sri.jkuat.ac.ke/ojs/index.php/proceedings/article/view/602>. Date accessed: 24 may 2018.