Assessment of Occupational Hazards and Their Impacts in Jua kali Sector, A case of Nakuru Town,Kenya
AbstractIn many developing countries the conditions under which most of the workers in informal enterprises operate are precarious and unsafe. Many workplaces in the informal sector have some inherent hazards. Multiple exposures to different hazards are mainly due to poor housekeeping and congestion in the workplaces. Occupational hazards lead to negative health and economic consequences on workers and on other persons in the proximity of the working area. In this study occupational hazards and their associated impacts on metal workers in Nakuru town is assessed. Data was collected by a combination of questionnaires, observation and measurements at various Jua kali workplaces. The study is carried out through surveys and observations in workplaces. The study shows that cutting, impacts and crushing are the most common mechanical hazards while welding fumes, paints and solvents are the main chemical hazards in many Jua kali establishments. The use of uninsulated cables or cables with worn-out insulations was seen to be the leading electrical hazard. In regard to work related illnesses, fatigue, periodic headaches and lower back pain were seen to be the most frequent. Occupational injuries in this sector include cuts, punctures and hearing impairments. As relates to economic impacts, it was established that many workers have occasioned property damage as result of workplace incidences. The study shows that the micro and small enterprises in this informal sector are burdened with a wide variety of hazards which are related to their activities. The results of the study showed that majority of Jua kali artisans have little knowledge and training in occupational safety and health. From this study, it is seen that there is need for interventions such as trainings to improve health and safety awareness and welfare among Jua kali workers.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Open access articles published in the Journal of Sustainable Research in Engineering are under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) License which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The CC BY license permits commercial and non-commercial re-use of an open access article, as long as the author is properly attributed.
Copyright on any research article published in the Journal of Sustainable Research in Engineering is retained by the author(s). The authors grant the Journal of Sustainable Research in Engineering with a license to publish the article and identify itself as the original publisher. Authors also grant any third party the right to use the article freely as long as its original authors, citation details and publisher are identified.
Use of the article in whole or in part in any medium requires proper citation as follows:
Title of Article, Names of the Author, Year of Publication, Journal Title, Volume(Issue) and page. Links to the final article on the JSRE website are encouraged.
The Creative Commons Attribution License does not affect any other rights held by authors or third parties in the article, including without limitation the rights of privacy and publicity. Use of the article must not assert or imply, whether implicitly or explicitly, any connection with, endorsement or sponsorship of such use by the author, publisher or any other party associated with the article.
For any reuse or distribution, users must include the copyright notice and make clear to others that the article is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution license, linking to the relevant Creative Commons web page. Users may impose no restrictions on use of the article other than those imposed by the Creative Commons Attribution license.
To the fullest extent permitted by applicable law, the article is made available as is and without representation or warranties of any kind whether express, implied, statutory or otherwise and including, without limitation, warranties of title, merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, non-infringement, absence of defects, accuracy, or the presence or absence of errors.